Integrated Pest Management

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IPM Photo

Update from the City of West Sacramento on the Coronavirus

  • The City of West Sacramento proclaimed a local state of emergency on March 16, 2020 to address the Coronavirus (COVID-19) public health threat.  This proclamation allows the City to streamline the process of obtaining resources in the form of funding, mutual aid, and operations to help prevent the spread of COVID-19.
  • City Hall, the Recreation Center, Community Center and related programs are now closed to the public through at least Monday, April 13, 2020.  Non-essential City staff in those buildings will be telecommuting or on leave during this time. 
  • The City’s core public services will not be affected and will continue, including police and fire services, operations and maintenance of critical infrastructure (sewer and water), garbage and recycling services, limited parks maintenance, and management of the City’s emergency operations center.
  • Please note: all programs related to Environmental Services (including the Smart Controller Rebate program) are currently on hold. This does not include your trash, recycling and organic service.

What is Integrated Pest Management?

Rain and irrigation runoff carry fertilizers, pesticides, and soil into our storm drains and water ways--impairing water quality and causing harm to fish and wildlife. The toxins you use to kill your weeds and pests are also a danger to other plants in your yard, your pets, your children and our water ways. Integrated Pest Management, or IPM, is a strategy that combines a suite of effective practices for your yard and garden. IPM strategies are safer for your home and our ecosystem. 

IPM is an ecosystem-based strategy that works with nature, instead of against it. IPM focuses on long-term management of pests and invasive plants by using the following techniques:

Biological Control such as encouraging natural predators to control pest populations.
Habitat Manipulation such as draining standing water so that mosquitoes can’t lay their eggs.
Change Cultural Practices such as reducing over-watering, which discourages fungi and root disease in plants. 
Select Preferred Plant Varieties that are resistant to pests and/or that will thrive naturally in our climate.
Mechanical or Physical Controls such as plugging up entrances for rodents around your house, or using traps instead of poisons. 
Chemical Control is sometimes still needed, but IPM means using the least amount of the safest products, targeted to the specific pest or area to minimize danger. For example, using ant baits rather than sprays limits the toxin spread to the ants and their colony only.

Stormwater Pie of Conservation  UC IPMOur Water Our World

 

How To Incorporate IPM at Home

If you’d like to learn more and start to implement IPM into your home and landscape care routines, here are some great local resources to help:
• Visit the "Our Water Our World" display at the West Sacramento Home Depot, which is filled with tip sheets on managing aphids, ants, snails and slugs, rats and mice, and more. Staff at Home Depot can also help answer questions about IPM. 
• The West Sacramento Home Depot also now has shelf tags to help identify preferred, eco-friendly products for fertilizers, weed control, and other yard maintenance. 
• Consider planting native species: in addition to requiring less water, they are better able to resist pests and thrive with minimal care and fertilizers. 

How the City Utilizes IPM

The City of West Sacramento has made efforts to reduce pesticide and fertilizer use, and has incorporated IPM strategies such as: 

• In the spring, goats are brought in to manage weed and grass growth at various locations across the city. Watch this video to learn more about using goats as weed control.
• The city has installed bat boxes along the Main Drain Canal in Southport to attract these vigorous insect-eaters. A single bat can eat 1,000 mosquitos in an hour, and some live up to 40 years! Learn more about helping bats help us
• The City has installed owl boxes at Bryte park to attract barn owls to the area. Barn owls are significantly safer than poisons and less expensive than traps for managing rodent populations. You can learn more about owls for IMP here.

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IPM Photo with Goats